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Environ Mol Mutagen. 2000;35(2):114-22.

Arsenic[III] and heavy metal ions induce intrachromosomal homologous recombination in the hprt gene of V79 Chinese hamster cells.

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Department of Genetic and Cellular Toxicology, Wallenberg Laboratory, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.


In the present study the carcinogenic metal ions Cd[II], Co[II], Cr[VI], Ni[II], and Pb[II], as well as As[III], were examined for their ability to induce intrachromosomal homologous and nonhomologous recombination in the hprt gene of two V79 Chinese hamster cell lines, SPD8 and Sp5, respectively. With the exception of Pb[II], all of these ions enhanced homologous recombination, the order of potency being Cr>Cd>As>Co>Ni. In contrast, Cr[VI] was the only ion to enhance recombination of the nonhomologous type. In order to obtain additional information on the mechanism of recombination in the SPD8 cell line, individual clones exhibiting metal-induced recombination were isolated, and the sequence of their hprt gene determined. These findings confirmed that all recombinogenic events in this cell line were of the homologous type, involving predominantly a chromatid exchange mechanism. The mechanisms underlying the recombination induced by these ions are discussed in relationship to their genotoxicity, as well as to DNA repair and replication. Induced recombination may constitute a novel mechanism for induction of neoplastic disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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