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Prandial lactate infusion inhibits spontaneous feeding in rats.

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Institute of Animal Sciences, Physiology and Animal Husbandry, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland.


To investigate the acute effects of lactate on spontaneous feeding, we infused lactate in the hepatic portal vein (0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 mmol lactate/meal) or in the vena cava (1.0 and 1.5 mmol lactate/meal) of ad libitum-fed rats during their first spontaneous nocturnal meal. Infusions (5 min, 0.1 ml/min) were remotely controlled, and a computerized feeding system recorded meal patterns. In separate crossover tests, meal size decreased independent of the infusion route after 1.0 and 1.5 mmol but not after 0.5 mmol lactate. The subsequent intermeal interval (IMI) tended to decrease only after vena cava infusion of 1.0 mmol lactate. The size of the second nocturnal meal increased after the 1.0 mmol lactate infusion. Hepatic portal infusion of 1.5 mmol lactate increased the satiety ratio [subsequent IMI (min)/meal size (g)] by 175%, which was higher than the insignificant 43% increase after vena cava infusion. Hepatic portal infusion of 1.5 mmol lactate also increased systemic plasma lactate but not glucose concentration at 1 min after the end of infusion. The results are consistent with the idea that meal-induced increases in circulating lactate play a role in the control of meal size (satiation). Moreover, the results suggest that lactate also contributes to postprandial satiety and that the liver is involved in this effect. The exact mechanisms of lactate's inhibitory effects on feeding and the site(s) where lactate acts to terminate meals remain to be identified.

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