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Regul Pept. 2000 Feb 8;87(1-3):73-82.

Identification of an interaction between the angiotensin II receptor sub-type AT2 and the ErbB3 receptor, a member of the epidermal growth factor receptor family.

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Department of Biological Sciences, Bowling Green State University, OH 43403, USA.


To identify the proteins that interact and mediate angiotensin II receptor AT2-specific signaling, a random peptide library was screened by yeast-based Two-Hybrid protein-protein interaction assay technique. A peptide that shared significant homology with the amino acids located between the residues Gly-Xaa-Gly-Xaa-Xaa-Gly721 and Lys742, the residues predicted to be important for ATP binding of the ErbB3 and ErbB2 receptors, was identified to be interacting with the AT2 receptor. The interaction between the human ErbB3 receptor and the AT2 receptor was further confirmed using the cytoplasmic domain (amino acids 671-782) of the human ErbB3 receptor. Moreover, an AT2 receptor peptide that spans the amino acids 226-363, (spans the third ICL and carboxy terminal domain) could also interact with the AT2 receptor in a yeast Two-Hybrid protein-protein interaction assay. Studies using mutated and chimeric AT2 receptors showed that replacing the third intracellular loop (ICL) of the AT2 receptor with that of the AT1 abolishes the interaction between the ErbB3 and the AT2 in yeast Two-Hybrid protein-protein interaction assay. Thus the interaction between the AT2 receptor and the ErbB3 receptor seems to require the region spanning the third ICL and carboxy terminus of the AT2 receptor. Since the third ICL of the AT2 receptor is essential for exerting its inhibitory effects on cell growth, possible involvement of this region in the interaction with the cytoplasmic domain of the ErbB3 receptor suggests a novel signaling mechanism for the AT2 receptor mediated inhibition of cell growth. Furthermore, since both the AT2 and the ErbB3 receptors are expressed during fetal development, we propose that the existence of direct interaction between these two receptors may play a role in the regulation of growth during the initial stages of development.

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