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Bone. 2000 Mar;26(3):207-13.

The gene encoding the mouse homologue of the human osteoclast-specific 116-kDa V-ATPase subunit bears a deletion in osteosclerotic (oc/oc) mutants.

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Instabilité et Altérations des Génomes, UMR6549 CNRS/UNSA, Faculté de Médecine de l'Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Nice, France.


Osteosclerosis (oc) is an autosomal recessive lethal mutation that impairs bone resorption by osteoclasts, and induces a general increase of bone density in affected mice. Genetic mapping of the oc mutation was used as a backbone in a positional cloning approach in the pericentromeric region of mouse chromosome 19. Perfect cosegregation of the osteopetrotic phenotype with polymorphic markers enabled the construction of a sequence-ready bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) contig of this region. Genomic sequencing of a 200-kb area revealed the presence of the mouse homologue to the human gene encoding the osteoclast-specific 116-kDa subunit of the vacuolar proton pump. This gene was located recently on human 11q13, a genomic region conserved with proximal mouse chromosome 19. Sequencing of the 5' end of the gene in oc/oc mice showed a 1.6-kb deletion, including the translation start site, which impairs genuine transcription of this subunit. The inactivation of this osteoclast-specific vacuolar proton ATPase subunit could be responsible for the lack of this enzyme in the apical membranes of osteoclast cells in oc/oc mice, thereby preventing the resorption function of these cells, which leads to the osteopetrotic phenotype.

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