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Immunol Invest. 2000 Feb;29(1):41-50.

Epitope-vaccine induces high levels of ELDKWA-epitope-specific neutralizing antibody.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Immunology, Research Centre for Medical Science and the School of Life Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, P.R. China.

Abstract

Based on the fact that mAb 2F5 recognizing ELDKWA-epitope on the C-domain of HIV-1 gp41 has significant neutralization potency against 90% of the investigated viruses of African, Asian, American and European strains, we attempted to characterise immunogenicity of the ELDKWA-epitope on an epitope-vaccine, and to produce ELDKWA-epitope-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAb) induced by the epitope-vaccine. The C-domain peptide (P2) and the ELDKWA-tetramer peptide [C-(ELDKWAG)4] were conjugated with BSA or P24-EC (GPKEPFRDYVDRFYK, a peptide of HIV-1 gag-protein P24, proved to be a good carrier peptide to induce an immune response to the hapten on the conjugates[18])by different methods. After the vaccination course, two P2-BSA peptide-vaccines both induced a strong antibody response against the P2-peptide by about 1:12800-25600 dilution, and a weak antibody response against the ELDKWA-epitope (1:1600-3200). The P2-P24EC and P2 (conjugated with itself) peptide-vaccines could also induce a weak antibody response against the ELDKWA-epitope (1:1600-3200), while an rgp160 subunit vaccine induced a very weak antibody response (1:400). Interestingly, the ELDKWA-tetramer epitope-vaccine [C-(ELDKWAG)4-BSA] could induce a strong antibody response against the ELDKWA-epitope (1:12800-25600), i.e. It increased the level of ELDKWA-antibody eight-fold, clearly better than the P2 peptide-vaccine, and much better than the rgp160 subunit vaccine, which indicates that the immunogenicities of the ELDKWA-epitope on the ELDKWA-tetramer peptide, the C-domain peptide and rgp160 are very different. These results suggest that the ELDKWA-epitope-vaccine may be a new strategy for inducing high levels of epitope-specific neutralizing antibodies against HIV-1. Using hybridoma-technique, a mouse monoclonal antibody recognizing the ELDKWA-epitope on ELDKWA-peptide and C-domain peptide was produced by immunization with the C-(ELDKWAG)4-BSA epitope-vaccine, which indicates a new way to produce an epitope-specific mAb, namely immunization with epitope-vaccine instead of a natural or recombinant protein immunogen.

PMID:
10709845
DOI:
10.3109/08820130009105143
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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