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J Clin Pharmacol. 2000 Mar;40(3):250-7.

Pharmacokinetics of diclofenac sodium in chronic active hepatitis and alcoholic cirrhosis.

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University of Washington, Department of Pharmacy, Seattle 98195-7630, USA.


The objective of this study was to assess the pharmacokinetics of diclofenac sodium and its five metabolites following administration of a 150 mg oral dose to healthy subjects and patients with either chronic active hepatitis of varying morphology or alcoholic cirrhosis. Six healthy subjects, 6 chronic active hepatitis patients, and 6 alcoholic cirrhosis patients were enrolled in this prospective, open-label, parallel study. Blood samples were drawn at 0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48, 72, 144, 312, and 480 hours, and urine samples were collected for 144 hours after administration of a single oral dose of diclofenac sodium. The mean area under the serum concentration-time curve extrapolated to infinity, oral clearance, half-life, maximal concentration, and time to peak concentration for diclofenac and its metabolites were determined and compared using analysis of variance. Cirrhotics had a mean +/- SD diclofenac AUC value (19,114 +/- 6806 ng.h/ml) significantly different (p < 0.02) from hepatitis patients (6071 +/- 1867 ng.h/ml) and healthy subjects (7008 +/- 2006 ng.h/ml), whereas healthy subjects and hepatitis patients had similar values. Comparable results were found for 4'-hydroxydiclofenac. The AUC values for 3'-hydroxydiclofenac and 3'-hydroxy-4'methoxydiclofeanc were significantly different when healthy subjects were compared to cirrhotics. However, hepatitis subjects were not significantly different from either group. The results indicate that hepatitis does not alter the pharmacokinetics of diclofenac. Alcoholic cirrhosis increased the mean diclofenac AUC approximately three times compared to normal subjects, indicating that one-third of the usual dose in cirrhotics would produce equivalent AUC values in normal subjects and subjects with alcoholic cirrhosis. However, since pharmacodynamic measurements were not made and no increase in untoward or side effects was noted in the alcoholic cirrhosis patients after a single dose, maintenance doses should be titrated to patients response.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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