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Int J Cancer. 2000 Mar 15;85(6):850-6.

Anti-beta4 integrin antibodies enhance migratory and invasive abilities of human colon adenocarcinoma cells and their MMP-2 expression.

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1
INSERM U 45, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, Lyon, France.

Abstract

Integrin-mediated adhesion of cells to extracellular matrix proteins has been shown to activate various intracellular signaling events. In the present study, we demonstrate that the addition of a monoclonal antibody raised against the beta4 integrin subunit in the culture medium of a clone derived from the colon adenocarcinoma cell line LoVo specifically results in stimulation of cell migration and invasion through reconstituted basement membrane matrices. Moreover, an increase in MMP-2 activity is observed. Conversely, monoclonal anti-alpha6 and anti-beta1 have no effect on MMP-2 expression. The s. c. co-injection of adenocarcinoma cells with antibodies raised against the beta4 integrin subunit to immunosuppressed newborn rats gives rise to tumors displaying altered and disorganized peri-tumoral basement membranes compared with tumors obtained when cells are injected with adenocarcinoma cells alone. Higher metastatic capacity of cells results when they are co-injected with antibodies to the beta4 integrin subunit. Our results suggest that the beta4 subunit of alpha6beta4 integrin, a laminin receptor in colon adenocarcinoma, may be responsible for the specific signals which stimulate cell motility, expression of MMP-2 and tumor invasion.

PMID:
10709107
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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