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Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2000 Mar-Jun;11(1-2):89-96.

When engineered to produce latent TGF-beta1, antigen specific T cells down regulate Th1 cell-mediated autoimmune and Th2 cell-mediated allergic inflammatory processes.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA. thorbj01@mcrcr.med.nyu.edu

Abstract

To determine whether T cells which produce large amounts of latent TGF-beta1 are capable of down-regulating autoimmune and allergic disease, myelin basic protein (MBP)-specific and ovalbumin (OVA)-specific BALB/c cloned Th1 cells were transduced with cDNA for murine TGF-beta1 by coculture with fibroblasts producing a genetically engineered retrovirus. The transduced MBP-specific Th1 cells were found to lose the capacity to provoke EAE in BALB/c mice, and to gain instead the ability to protect against EAE in (SJLxBALB/c) F1 mice immunized with proteolipid protein (PLP). This protective effect was not obtained with OVA-specific TGF-beta1 transduced Th1 cells. The transduced OVA-specific Th1 cells did protect against airway hyperreactivity induced by Th2-cell mediated responses to inhaled OVA. This effect was again antigen specific and it also could not be obtained with untransduced OVA-specific Th1 cells. In both cases these effects of antigen specific TGF-beta1 transduced T cells were nullified by administration of neutralizing anti-TGF-beta mAb. Thus, the antigen specificity of the cloned T cells allows the site-specific local delivery of therapeutic active TGF-beta1 to both Th1 and Th2 cell-mediated inflammatory infiltrates.

PMID:
10708956
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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