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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Mar 16;269(2):331-5.

Effect of leptin on hypothalamic GLP-1 peptide and brain-stem pre-proglucagon mRNA.

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Endocrine Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London, W12 0NN, United Kingdom.


Leptin, the adipocyte-derived plasma hormone, and CNS GLP-1 neurons reduce food intake and body weight. GLP-1 is produced in the CNS by post-translational processing of pre-proglucagon. ICV leptin administration prevented the reduction in hypothalamic GLP-1 peptide content seen in pair-fed food-restricted rats (P < 0.05). There was a significant overall positive correlation between pre-proglucagon mRNA expression in the NTS and hypothalamic GLP-1 peptide content (r = +0.34, P < 0.05). Intraperitoneal leptin administration also increased hypothalamic GLP-1 peptide in food-restricted mice (P < 0. 05). This supports the hypothesis that the anorectic actions of leptin are in part due to stimulation of GLP-1 neurons. Reduced CNS GLP-1 neuronal activity during food deprivation may act to stimulate feeding behaviour, and perhaps also inhibit hypothalamic LHRH neurons, as part of the neuroendocrine response to starvation.

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