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Crit Care Med. 2000 Feb;28(2):304-8.

Short-term effect of inhaled nitric oxide and prone positioning on gas exchange in patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome.

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1
Department of Réanimation des Maladies Infectieuses, Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the short-term effects of inhaled nitric oxide (NO) and prone positioning in improving oxygenation in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

METHODS:

Charts of consecutive ARDS patients (lung injury score >2) during a 2-yr period, tested for both inhaled NO and prone positioning efficacy were retrospectively reviewed. Variations in the Pao2/Fio2 ratio induced by inhaled NO and prone positioning were evaluated.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

Twenty-seven patients (age, 42+/-17 yrs) were included. Simplified Acute Physiology Score II was 45+/-14. Mortality rate in the intensive care unit was 63%. The causes of ARDS were pneumonia (n = 14), extra-lung infection (n = 5), and noninfectious systemic inflammatory response syndrome (n = 8). Lung injury score was 2.7+/-0.3. At baseline, before the initiation of inhaled NO, the Pao2/Fio2 ratio was 97+/-46 torr and before prone positioning, 92+/-26 torr. Variations in the Pao2/Fio2 ratio were lower at start of NO therapy (11+/-4 ppm) than that observed at prone positioning initiation (23+/-31 vs. 62+/-78 torr, p<.05). An increase in variations in the Pao2/Fio2 ratio of >15 torr was associated with prone positioning in 16 patients (59%) and with NO inhalation in 13 patients (48%) (not significant). An increase in variations in the Pao2/Fio2 ratio of >15 torr was associated with both techniques in only six patients (22%). There was no correlation between the response to prone positioning and the response to inhaled NO (r2 = .005; p = .73).

CONCLUSIONS:

Prone positioning improves hypoxemia significantly better than does inhaled NO. The response to one technique is not predictive of the response to the other technique.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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