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Mol Endocrinol. 2000 Mar;14(3):382-92.

Human ERRgamma, a third member of the estrogen receptor-related receptor (ERR) subfamily of orphan nuclear receptors: tissue-specific isoforms are expressed during development and in the adult.

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Department of Molecular Genetics, Novo Nordisk A/S, Novo Allè, Bagsvaerd, Denmark.


The nuclear receptor protein superfamily is a large group of transcription factors involved in many aspects of animal development, tissue differentiation, and homeostasis in the higher eukaryotes. A subfamily of receptors, ERRalpha and beta (estrogen receptor-related receptor alpha and beta), closely related to the ER, were among the first orphan nuclear receptors identified. These receptors can bind DNA as monomers and are thought to activate transcription constitutively, unaffected by beta-estradiol. Studies of the expression patterns of ERRalpha and gene disruption experiments of ERRbeta indicate that they play an important role in the development and differentiation of specific tissues in the mouse. In this work we demonstrate the existence in humans of a third member of this subfamily of receptors, termed ERRgamma, which is highly expressed in a number of diverse fetal and adult tissues including brain, kidney, pancreas, and placenta. The ERRgamma mRNA is highly alternatively spliced at the 5'-end, giving rise to a number of tissue-specific RNA species, some of which code for protein isoforms differing in the N-terminal region. Like ERRalpha and beta, ERRgamma binds as a monomer to an ERRE. A GAL4-ERRgamma fusion protein activates transcription in a ligand-independent manner in transfected HEK293 cells to a greater degree than either the GAL4-ERRalpha or -beta fusion proteins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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