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Cancer Res. 2000 Feb 15;60(4):858-63.

PART-1: a novel human prostate-specific, androgen-regulated gene that maps to chromosome 5q12.

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Department of Molecular Biotechnology, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA.


Genes regulated by androgenic hormones are of critical importance for the normal physiological function of the human prostate gland, and they contribute to the development and progression of prostate carcinoma. We used cDNA microarrays containing 1500 prostate-derived cDNAs to profile transcripts regulated by androgens in prostate cancer cells. This study identified a novel gene that we have designated PART-1 (prostate androgen-regulated transcript 1), which exhibited increased expression upon exposure to androgens in the LNCaP prostate cancer cell line. Northern analysis demonstrated that PART-1 is highly expressed in the prostate gland relative to other normal human tissues and is expressed as different transcripts using at least three different polyadenylation signals. The PART-1 cDNA and putative protein are not significantly homologous to any sequences in the nonredundant public sequence databases. Cloning and analysis of the putative PART-1 promoter region identified a potential binding site for the homeobox gene PBX-la, but no consensus androgen response element or sterol-regulatory element binding sites were identified. We used a radiation hybrid panel and fluorescence in situ hybridization to map the PART-1 gene to chromosome 5q12, a region that has been suggested to harbor a prostate tumor suppressor gene. These results identify a new gene involved in the androgen receptor-regulated gene network of the human prostate that may play a role in the etiology of prostate carcinogenesis.

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