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Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2000 Mar;124(3):438-40.

Epithelioid leiomyosarcoma with osteoclast-like giant cells in the rectum.

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  • 1Second Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Yonago, Tottori, Japan.


We report a rare case of rectal epithelioid leiomyosarcoma with osteoclast-like giant cells. A 71-year-old Japanese man was admitted to a hospital with melena. Results of a colonoscopy test revealed a polypoid tumor in the rectum, and a biopsy specimen from the lesion showed a sarcoma; the patient underwent rectosigmoidectomy. At gross inspection, the tumor measured 8 x 7 x 4 cm and was polypoid with ulcerations. Necrotic and hemorrhagic foci were scattered. Microscopically, the tumor consisted of 2 cell types: malignant tumor cells with epithelioid features and benign-appearing osteoclast-like giant cells. The tumor cells were polygonal and epithelioid in shape and had eosinophilic or clear cytoplasms, with scattered giant tumor cells. Immunohistochemical examination revealed that the tumor cells were positive for vimentin, muscle actin, alpha-smooth muscle actin, and desmin, whereas the osteoclast-like giant cells were positive for CD68, leukocyte common antigen, and lysozymes. We diagnosed this case as epithelioid leiomyosarcoma with osteoclast-like giant cells. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of rectal epithelioid leiomyosarcoma with osteoclast-like giant cells.

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