Send to

Choose Destination
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2000 Feb;36(2):101-5.

In vitro pharmacodynamic characteristics of flucytosine determined by time-kill methods.

Author information

University of Iowa Colleges of Pharmacy, S-412 Pharmacy Bldg., Iowa City, IA, USA.


Two Candida albicans isolates, three non-albicans Candida isolates (Candida glabrata, Candida krusei, and Candida tropicalis), and one Cryptococcus neoformans isolate were evaluated by time-kill methods to characterize the relationship of flucytosine concentrations to antifungal activity and the duration of the post-antifungal effect (PAE). Against Candida and Cryptococcusisolates, flucytosine at concentrations > 1 x MIC exhibited fungistatic (</=99% reduction in CFU) activity over a 24-h time-period. The rate and extent of fungistatic activity of flucytosine against all isolates was generally not increased when 5-FC concentrations exceeded 4 x MIC. A notable PAE was detected for flucytosine against both Candida and Cryptococcus species that persisted 2 to 4 h. These in vitro data suggest that flucytosine is predominately a concentration-independent fungistatic agent at clinically achieved serum concentrations. This pharmacodynamic characteristic coupled with the persistent PAE and the relatively long half-life of flucytosine in humans (> 5 h), suggests lower daily dosing may possible without loss of antifungal efficacy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center