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Vet Microbiol. 2000 Feb;71(3-4):281-6.

Antigenic differences in the H proteins of canine distemper viruses.

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Laboratory Animal Research Center, Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, Japan.


Antigenic properties between new Japanese field isolates and vaccine strains of canine distemper virus (CDV) have been compared using four monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) (JD-5, JD-7, JD-11 and d-7) against the hemagglutinin (H) proteins of CDV. JD-5, JD-7 and JD-11 are newly established antibodies. Three MAbs, namely d-7, JD-5 and JD-11, reacted similarly to all the CDV strains examined. However, JD-7 reacted much more strongly with the vaccine strains and an old field isolate than the recent field isolates in immunofluorescence, radio immunoprecipitation and virus neutralization assays. These results indicate that an antigenic region in the H protein, concerned with neutralization and recognized by JD-7, has been altered in the recent field isolates.

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