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Cancer. 2000 Mar 1;88(5):1016-24.

Effect of viral status on recurrence after liver resection for patients with hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma.

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1
Second Department of Surgery, Osaka City University Medical School, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Risk factors for recurrence after resection of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) require more precise definition.

METHODS:

Forty patients who underwent liver resection for HBV-related HCC were studied. Their clinical findings, laboratory data (including viral status), pathologic findings, and operative methods were evaluated for recurrence risk in univariate and multivariate analyses.

RESULTS:

The HB envelope (HBe) antigen, wild-type HBV, intrahepatic metastases, elevated serum activities of aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase, and moderately or severely active hepatitis were more likely to be found in patients with a high viral load than in patients with a low viral load. Precore mutant-type HBV was more likely to be found in patients with a low viral load than in patients with a high viral load. The platelet count was significantly lower in the patients with a high viral load. A high viral load, the presence of wild-type HBV, the absence of anti-HBe, the absence of precore mutant-type HBV, Child score B, a low platelet count, and a positive surgical margin were risk factors for recurrence in univariate analysis. A nonanatomic resection tended to be a risk factor. A high viral load and positive surgical margin were independent risk factors for recurrence.

CONCLUSIONS:

The measurement of viral load and detection of anti-HBe, wild-type HBV, and precore mutant-type HBV are useful for estimating a patient's prognosis after resection of HBV-related HCC.

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