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Free Radic Biol Med. 2000 Feb 1;28(3):397-402.

Antioxidant and oxidative status in tissues of manganese superoxide dismutase transgenic mice.

Author information

1
Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-0054, USA.

Abstract

Manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) plays an important role in attenuating free radical-induced oxidative damage. The purpose of this research was to determine if increased expression of Mn-SOD gene alters intracellular redox status. Twelve week old male B6C3 mice, engineered to express human Mn-SOD in multiple organs, and their nontransgenic littermates were assessed for oxidative stress and antioxidant status in heart, brain, lung, skeletal muscle, liver, and kidney. Relative to their nontransgenic littermates, transgenic mice had significantly (p <.01) higher activity of Mn-SOD in heart, skeletal muscle, lung, and brain. Copper, zinc (Cu,Zn)-SOD activity was significantly higher in kidney, whereas catalase activity was lower in brain and liver. The activities of selenium (Se)-GSH peroxidase and non-Se-GSH peroxidase, and levels of vitamin E, ascorbic acid and GSH were not significantly different in any tissues measured between Mn-SOD transgenic mice and their nontransgenic controls. The levels of malondialdehyde were significantly lower in the muscle and heart of Mn-SOD mice, and conjugated dienes and protein carbonyls were not altered in any tissues measured. The results obtained showed that expression of human SOD gene did not systematical alter antioxidant systems or adversely affect the redox state of the transgenic mice. The results also suggest that expression of human SOD gene confers protection against peroxidative damage to membrane lipids.

PMID:
10699751
DOI:
10.1016/s0891-5849(99)00253-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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