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Oncogene. 2000 Feb 10;19(6):827-30.

Functional impairment of p73 and p51, the p53-related proteins, by the human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 Tax oncoprotein.

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Department of Viral Oncology, Institute for Virus Research, Kyoto University, Japan.


We have previously demonstrated that the human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) Tax oncoprotein represses the trans-activation function of p53 tumor suppressor protein. Recently, several proteins with sequence homology to p53 have been identified. In this study, we demonstrated that Tax represses the trans-activation functions of p73alpha, p73beta, and p51A, the p53-related proteins, as well as p53. Moreover, a mutant Tax of coactivator CBP-binding site (K88A), which activated NF-kappaB but not CREB pathway, could not repress the p73 nor p51 trans-activation functions, indicating that CBP-binding domain of Tax is essential for the suppression of their functions. Using proteins of Gal4-fused N-terminal region of p73 and p51, we showed that Tax-mediated inactivation of p73 or p51 requires for their N-terminal trans-activation domains. Furthermore, only the putative N-terminal trans-activation domains of them did not have enough transcriptional activities and their adjacent regions are essential for their full trans-activation, suggesting the existence of their second trans-activation subdomains. Thus, HTLV-1 Tax inactivated the p53-related proteins through their N-terminal trans-activation domains.

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