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Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2000 Feb;24(2):196-206.

Polyenylphosphatidylcholine protects against alcohol but not iron-induced oxidative stress in the liver.

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Section of Liver Disease and Nutrition and Alcohol Research Center, Bronx VA Medical Center and Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10468, USA.



We reported before that, in baboons, the alcohol-induced oxidative stress in the liver is associated with depletion of dilinoleoylphosphatidylcholine [the major component of polyenylphosphatidylcholine (PPC)] and that both can be corrected by the administration of PPC, but we did not determine whether this protection extended to iron-induced oxidative stress.


To compare the effects of PPC on alcohol- and iron-induced hepatic oxidative stress, 56 Sprague Dawley male rats were pair-fed nutritionally adequate liquid diets containing ethanol (36% of energy) or isocaloric carbohydrate and PPC (3 mg/ml) or safflower oil (2.73 mg/ml), with or without 5 mg/ml carbonyl iron for 2 months. Markers of oxidative stress (4-hydroxynonenal and reduced glutathione), antioxidants (vitamin E, ubiquinol-9, and ubiquinol-10), and phosphatidylcholine (PC) species were assessed by HPLC and/or gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.


Alcohol feeding increased hepatic 4-hydroxynonenal 3-fold and decreased glutathione by 19%, ubiquinol-10 by 53%, and PC species containing arachidonate (palmitoyl- and stearoylarachidonoylphosphatidylcholines by 24% and 21%, respectively) and total phospholipids by 14%. PPC feeding prevented the rise of 4-hydroxynonenal, restored glutathione, and increased the hepatic content of dilinoleoylphosphatidylcholine and of some other PC carrying polyunsaturated fatty acids. Administration of iron alone increased hepatic iron, doubled 4-hydroxynonenal and glutathione, whereas it decreased vitamin E, ubiquinol-9, total phospholipids, and several polyunsaturated PC. Alcohol given with iron further exacerbated the hepatic oxidative stress, as documented by the increase of 4-hydroxynonenal and the decrease in glutathione and ubiquinols-10. PPC did not prevent this oxidative stress, although it increased hepatic glutathione. Hepatic dilinoleoylphosphatidylcholine content was comparable with and without dietary iron.


PPC prevents the alcohol-induced oxidative stress but only in the absence of iron overload.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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