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Mol Immunol. 1999 Sep-Oct;36(13-14):877-84.

Expression of the anaphylatoxin C5a receptor in non-myeloid cells.

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Department of Immunology, University of Göttingen, Germany.


C5, a 74 amino acid peptide cleaved from the complement protein C5, represents the most potent anaphylatoxin and possesses inflammatory as well as immunomodulatory activities. In the past, expression of the receptor for the anaphylatoxin C5a (C5aR) has been thought to be restricted to cells of myeloid origin. However, recent evidence suggests that the C5aR is constitutively expressed in non-myeloid cells including epithelial, endothelial and smooth muscle cells in the human liver and lung. These findings are contrasted by results from our laboratory which demonstrated that in the normal human liver and lung C5aR expression is detectable exclusively in macrophages and macrophage-derived cells (Kupffer cells). Interestingly, we found evidence that C5aR expression may be inducible in epithelial cells as C5aR mRNA was observed in vivo in human keratinocytes of the inflamed but not of the normal skin. Herein we review the work of our laboratory and others on the expression of the C5aR in various human non-myeloid cells types. A better understanding of the expression patterns of this important anaphylatoxin receptor may provide new insights in the pathophysiological role of C5a in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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