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Endocrinology. 2000 Mar;141(3):1011-6.

Role of the Y1 receptor in the regulation of neuropeptide Y-mediated feeding: comparison of wild-type, Y1 receptor-deficient, and Y5 receptor-deficient mice.

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Tsukuba Research Institute, Merck Research Laboratories, Banyu Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Tsukuba, Japan.


Neuropeptide Y (NPY) increases food intake through the action of hypothalamic NPY receptors. At least six subtypes of NPY, peptide YY (PYY), and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) receptors have been identified in mice. Although the involvement of Y1 and Y5 receptors in feeding regulation has been suggested, the relative importance of each of these NPY receptors and the participation of a novel feeding receptor are still unclear. To address this issue, we generated a Y1 receptor-deficient (Y1-/-) and a Y5 receptor-deficient (Y5-/-) mouse line in which we directly compared the orexigenic effects of NPY and its analogs after intracerebroventricular (icv) administration. The icv NPY-induced food intake was remarkably reduced in Y1-/- mice, but was not significantly altered by inactivation of the Y5 receptor. The Y1 receptor therefore plays a dominant role in NPY-induced feeding. Stimulation of feeding by moderately selective Y5 agonists [PYY-(3-36), human PP, and bovine PP] was reduced in Y5-/- mice, although food intake did not decrease to vehicle control levels. These results indicate that the Y5 receptor functions as one of the feeding receptors. In addition, the finding that Y5-preferring agonists still induce food intake in Y5-/- mice suggests a role for another NPY receptor(s), including the possibility of novel NPY receptors. Surprisingly, despite the limited efficacy of PYY-(3-36) and PPs at the Y1 receptor, food consumption induced by these agonists was significantly diminished in Y1-/- mice compared with that in wild-type controls. These observations suggest that the feeding stimulation induced by NPY and its analogs may be directly or indirectly modulated by the action of the Y1 receptor. We conclude that multiple NPY receptors, possibly including the novel feeding receptor, are involved in the feeding response evoked by NPY and its analogs. Among them, the Y1 receptor plays a key role in NPY-induced feeding in mice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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