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Neuropharmacology. 2000 Jan 28;39(3):471-81.

Activation of 5-HT2A receptors impairs response control of rats in a five-choice serial reaction time task.

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A.I. Virtanen Institute, University of Kuopio, and University Hospital, Finland.


The present experiments investigated the effects of agents acting at serotonin (5-HT)-2 receptors on the performance of rats in a choice serial reaction time (5-CSRT) task in order to examine the role of 5-HT2 receptors in the modulation of attention and response control. The results indicate that DOI, [(+/-)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane hydrochloride; 0.05, 0.1 and 0.2 mg/kg, subcutaneously], a 5-HT(2A/2C) agonist, slightly impaired the choice accuracy of the well performing rats and markedly increased their premature responding. DOI (0.05 and 0.1 mg/kg) had no effect on the latency to collect earned food pellets or to respond correctly, indicating that these lower doses of DOI did not reduce motivation for the food reward in this task. The selective effect of a low dose of DOI (0.1 mg/kg) on premature responding was completely blocked by ketanserin (0.2 mg/kg), a 5-HT2A antagonist, and ritanserin (0.3 mg/kg), a 5-HT(2A/2C) antagonist, but only partially blocked by a high dose of SER082 (1.0 mg/kg), a 5-HT2C antagonist. In contrast to DOI, mCPP, [1-(3-phenyl)piperazine; 0.05 and 0.15 mg/kg], a 5-HT2C agonist, had no effect on choice accuracy or premature responding, but it reduced behavioral activity and/or arousal as indicated by the decreased number of trials completed and increased the probability of omissions. SER082 (1.0 mg/kg) blocked the effects of mCPP on performance. These data suggest that the overactivation of 5-HT2A receptors impairs response control in a 5-CSRT task, whereas the overactivation of 5-HT2C receptors can affect behavioral activity and/or arousal state of the animals for this food rewarded task.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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