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Pediatr Clin North Am. 2000 Feb;47(1):203-39.

Management of HIV-infected children in the home and institutional settings. Care of children and infections control in schools, day care, hospital settings, home, foster care, and adoption.

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Maternal Child Transmission, Pediatric and Adolescent Studies Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.


The likelihood of high-risk pediatric exposure to HIV infection, other than perinatal exposure, has been shown to be low in most cases, and HIV PEP should be considered on a case-by-case basis. Generic considerations in the management of children who have become HIV infected emphasizes the principles of inclusion, maintaining confidentiality of a child's HIV status, and notifying those who need to know about the HIV status to care properly for the child or adolescent. Although appropriate infection-control precautions are applicable for all children and for many pathogens, children especially HIV-infected children, exposed to such pathogens, must be managed in a timely fashion. In many cases, recommendations that are applicable in one setting are applicable in others. Some exceptions apply, including infection-control precautions in hospitals versus other settings. A few additional considerations have been made for special settings and activities, including adoption, foster care, athletics, summer camp, and other recreational activities.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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