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Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2000 Feb;79(2):129-34.

Perioperative morbidity of gynecological laparoscopy. A prospective monocenter observational study.

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Service de Gynécologie-Obstétrique, Hôpital Boucicaut, Paris France.



To study the morbidity rate of gynecological laparoscopy and to the most influential variables.


We conducted a prospective observational study from January 1st 1992 to December 31st 1998 in a single tertiary care center. It concerned patients who underwent gynecological laparoscopic surgery performed by seniors and residents. We have prospectively recorded patients characteristics, indications for laparoscopy, leading diagnosis, main operative procedures, post-operative course, surgical and anesthetic incidents and accidents. Complications were defined as any event that would modify the usual course of laparoscopy or of the post-operative period.


One thousand and thirty-three laparoscopies were included. 80.1% of the procedures were major or advanced laparoscopies. The overall complication rate was 3%, with a laparotomy rate of 1.2%. About half of those complications (54.8%) occurred during the installation of laparoscopy. Veress needle and first trocar insertion accounted for 23.5% of those accidents (0.3% of the procedures) and suprapubic trocar insertion for 76.5%. Hemorrhages constituted almost all of the complications occurring during the operative stage (80%). The risk increased with the level of surgery and decreased with surgeon's experience. Prior abdominal surgery had no significant effect on the overall morbidity rate. Post-operative and anesthetic complications were rare. The overall complication rate as well as the laparotomy rate were stable all along the course of the study.


Complication rate of gynecological laparoscopy is not negligible. Efforts should be made to lower the complications induced by the installation of laparoscopy, especially for secondary trocars.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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