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Acta Virol. 1999 Apr-Jun;43(2-3):152-8.

Identification and characterization of glycoprotein H of MDV-1 GA strain.

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Department of Pathology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA.


A 2439 bp open reading frame (ORF) was identified from the DNA sequence of BamHI-F and -K2 fragments of Marek's disease virus of serotype 1 (MDV-1) GA strain, which predicts an 813 amino acid polypeptide. This peptide is homologous to HSV-1 gH, and has typical glycoprotein features. There are nine potential N-linked glycosylation sites within the extracellular domain. A fragment of the gH ORF was cloned into pGEX vector in frame with glutathione S-transferase (GST) to produce a GST-gH fusion protein in Escherichia coli. The GST-gH fusion protein was used to develop gH monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies. Expression of gH was detected in duck embryo fibroblasts (DEFs) infected with MDV-1 GA strain by immunofluorescence assay (IFA) with these antibodies. Virus neutralization and plaque-forming inhibition analyses were conducted with the gH antiserum. There were no neutralization and plaque-forming inhibition activities of gH antiserum. Comparison of the DNA sequence of gH gene between GA and RB1B strains of MDV-1 revealed major difference in the upstream control elements of gH ORF.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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