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Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2000 Mar;22(3):265-71.

B7-1 (CD80) and B7-2 (CD86) have complementary roles in mediating allergic pulmonary inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness.

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Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


We examined the roles of B7-1 (CD80) and B7-2 (CD86) in a model of allergic pulmonary inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) by using mice with germline deletions of the B7-1 and/or B7-2 molecules. Multiple parameters of the allergic response were affected to varying degrees by the absence of B7-1 and/or B7-2. Mice lacking both B7-1 and B7-2 had no elevation of serum immunoglobulin E, lack of airway eosinophilia, and no AHR. These same disease parameters were also reduced in mice lacking either B7-1 or B7-2. Lack of B7-1 and/or B7-2 resulted in an increase in T-helper 1 cytokine production. Our observations suggest that whereas B7-2 is quantitatively more significant in the induction of this response, B7-1 and B7-2 may have complementary roles in mediating the development of allergic pulmonary inflammation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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