Send to

Choose Destination
Oral Oncol. 1999 Sep;35(5):502-9.

Prognostic significance of proliferative and apoptotic markers in oral tongue squamous cell carcinomas.

Author information

Department of Otolaryngology, National Hospital, University of Oslo, Norway.


The prognostic impact of proliferative and apoptotic markers was studied in 85 T1-4 oral tongue squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). Ki67 immunoreactivity and AgNOR counts, including mean AgNOR counts (mAgNOR) and the percentage of nuclei with more than one AgNOR (pAgNOR > 1), were used as proliferative parameters. The apoptotic index (AI) was assessed using the TUNEL method. Bax expression was detected immunohistochemically and scored. Bax expression correlated positively with AI (p = 0.0122). Ki67 correlated with both pAgNOR > 1 (p = 0.0042) and mAgNOR (p = 0.0189). Low Bax expression and low AI correlated significantly with the disease-free period (p = 0.0001 and p = 0.0024, respectively). High values for Ki67, pAgNOR > 1 and mAgNOR correlated with poor prognosis (p = 0.0021, p = 0.0001 and p = 0.0244, respectively). Combinations of proliferative and apoptotic parameters were stronger predictors than individual parameters (p < 0.0001). pAgNOR > 1-Bax expression appeared to be the best combination (p < 0.0001). We conclude that proliferative and apoptotic markers, especially their combinations, have prognostic value in tongue SCC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center