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Gene Ther. 2000 Feb;7(3):249-54.

Efficient transduction of mature CD83+ dendritic cells using recombinant adenovirus suppressed T cell stimulatory capacity.

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Department of Dermatology, J Gutenberg-University, Langenbeckstrasse 1, D-55101 Mainz, Germany.


We have developed a culture method for the foreign serum-free generation of highly immunostimulatory, CD83+ human dendritic cells (DC). In this study, we evaluated the feasibility and consequences of endogenously expressing antigens in mature DC using adenoviral vectors. Transduction of DC with Ad-EGFP demonstrated endogenous fluorescence in 50-85% of CD83+ DC. Ad-transduced DC stimulated the proliferation of allogeneic CD8+ and CD4+ T cells at low DC: T cell ratios. However, at high DC: T cell ratios the stimulatory capacity of Ad-transduced DC was suppressed. This immunosuppressive effect was confirmed by demonstrating that the stimulatory function of untreated DC could be suppressed in a dose-dependent manner by addition of Ad-transduced DC. Furthermore, transwell experiments suggested that direct cell contact was required. Taken together, our results demonstrate the feasibility of efficiently expressing antigens in CD83+ DC using adenoviruses. However, immunosuppressive effects must be considered and carefully studied before Ad-transduced DC are employed for clinical trials. Gene Therapy (2000) 7, 249-254.

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