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Eur J Clin Nutr. 2000 Feb;54(2):177-9.

Wine drinking and diet in Italy.

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1
Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche 'Mario Negri', Milan, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the relation between wine drinking and intake of selected indicator foods, which may vary in various populations.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional analysis of the comparison group of a case- control study.

SETTING:

A network of teaching and general hospitals from six Italian areas.

SUBJECTS:

5642 control subjects (3261 females and 2381 males) aged 20-74 y (median age 58 y), admitted for acute, non-neoplastic conditions unrelated to alcohol consumption. Participation rate was over 95%.

INTERVENTION:

Trained interviewers collected information using a structured and validated questionnaire. The average intakes of selected food items were computed, together with the multivariate odds ratios (OR) of eating above the median of each food.

RESULTS:

No appreciable difference in either sex for any food indicator considered (fruit, raw vegetables, cooked vegetables, salad and fish) was observed between abstainers, wine, and other alcoholic beverage drinkers. If anything, female wine drinkers reported less frequently high consumption of salad (OR=0.8) and raw vegetables (OR=0.8), both estimates being of borderline significance.

CONCLUSIONS:

In no instance did wine drinkers or mixed drinkers (who include a large proportion of wine drinkers, too) show an association with indicators of healthy diet.

SPONSORSHIP:

Italian Association for Cancer Research, Milan, Italy. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2000) 54, 177-179

PMID:
10694791
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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