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Exp Cell Res. 2000 Mar 15;255(2):258-69.

A region containing a proline-rich motif targets sG(i2) to the golgi apparatus.

Author information

1
Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS/INSERM/ULP, Illkirch Cedex, C. U. de Strasbourg, 67404, France.

Abstract

The central function of heterotrimeric GTP-binding proteins (G proteins) is the transduction of extracellular signals, via membrane receptors, leading to the activation of intracellular effectors. In addition to being associated with the plasma membrane, the alpha subunits of some of these proteins have also been localized in intracellular compartments. The mRNA of the G-protein inhibitory alpha subunit 2 (G(alphai2)) encodes two proteins, G(alphai2) and sG(i2), by an alternative splicing mechanism. sG(i2) differs from G(alphai2) in the C-terminal region and localizes in the Golgi in contrast to the plasma membrane localization of G(alphai2). In this paper we show that the sequence specific to sG(i2) can direct the Golgi localization of other G(alphai) subunits, but not of the stimulatory subunit G(alphas) or of a secreted protein. This indicates that, in addition to the sG(i2) C-terminus, sequences located elsewhere in the protein are required to determine the Golgi localization. Inside the sG(i2) C-terminal region we have identified a 14-amino-acid proline-rich motif which specifies the Golgi localization. Finally, we show that the sG(i2) subunit, once activated, leaves the Golgi to be localized in the endoplasmic reticulum.

PMID:
10694441
DOI:
10.1006/excr.1999.4783
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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