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J Hypertens. 2000 Feb;18(2):229-34.

Effects of oral administration of L-arginine on renal function in patients with heart failure.

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  • 1The Third Department of Internal Medicine, Teikyo University Ichihara Hospital, Chiba, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Although the beneficial effects of L-arginine on systemic haemodynamics have been reported in patients with heart failure, its effect on renal function has not been examined. We evaluated the effects of oral administration of L-arginine on renal haemodynamics, sodium and water handling, and various hormonal factors in patients with chronic heart failure.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

A double-blind crossover trial was performed in 17 patients with chronic congestive heart failure (NYHA II-III, 56 +/- 12 years of age) who were randomly assigned to receive oral L-arginine (15 g/day) and placebo or placebo and arginine sequentially for 5 days each. Twenty-four hour creatinine clearance (Ccr), and 24-h urinary cyclic guanosine 5-monophosphate (GMP) excretion were determined. Saline loading was performed on day 5 of each treatment Renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and urinary sodium excretion rate (UNa) were assessed before and after saline loading.

RESULTS:

Twenty-four hour GMP excretion (1.4 +/- 1.1 versus 0.8 +/- 0.5 micromol/day, P < 0.01) and Ccr (150 +/- 43 versus 125 +/- 42 ml/min, P < 0.05) were higher and plasma endothelin level (2.5 +/- 0.6 versus 3.1 +/- 0.8 pg/ml, P < 0.05) was lower with L-arginine treatment compared to placebo treatment In addition, the relative increase of UNa and GFR after saline loading were significantly higher in L-arginine treatment (UNa, 47 +/- 12%; GFR, 44 +/- 31%) than in placebo treatment (UNa, 34 +/- 9%; GFR, 22 +/- 29%) (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Oral administration of L-arginine has beneficial effects on glomerular filtration rate, natriuresis, and plasma endothelin level in patients with chronic congestive heart failure.

PMID:
10694193
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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