Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2000 Feb;19(2):118-21.

Immunoblotting and serology for diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection in children.

Author information

1
Microbiology Service, Hôpital St. Vincent de Paul, Paris, France. j.raymond@svp.ap-hop-paris.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The easiest way to identify the presence of current or past Helicobacter pylori infection is to test for antibodies. The aim of this study was to compare an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique based on the detection of IgG antibodies directed against a global antigenic preparation with immunoblotting based on the analysis of IgG antibody reactivity to separate proteins.

METHODS:

Sera were collected from 80 children (mean age, 9.9 +/- 4.3 years). The reference tests were microbiologic and histologic examination of gastric biopsies obtained at upper endoscopy.

RESULTS:

The immunoblotting was more sensitive (100%) and specific (88%) than ELISA (96 and 79%, respectively) in the evaluation of H. pylori infection in children. Its positive predictive value was 92%, and its negative predictive value was 100%. The best performance index of immunoreactive bands to detect antibodies was obtained with the 26-kDa (88.7%), 30-kDa (77.5%) and 19.5-kDa (70%) antigens. Antibodies by immunoblot technique against the CagA antigen were present in 43.1% of children.

CONCLUSION:

Immunoblotting is highly sensitive and more specific than ELISA in children and provides additional information about the full serologic profile. Immunoblotting may therefore be a useful complement to serology, particularly in cases with doubtful ELISA results.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center