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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1976 Nov;73(11):4179-83.

Identification of prekallikrein and high-molecular-weight kininogen as a complex in human plasma.


Prekallikrein and high-molecular-weight kininogen were found associated in normal human plasma at a molecular weight of 285,000 as assessed by gel filtration on Sephadex G-200. The molecular weight of prekallikrein in plasma that is deficient in high-molecular-weight kininogen was 115,000. This prekallikrein could be isolated at a molecular weight of 285,000 after plasma deficient in high-molecular-weight kininogen was combined with plasma that is congenitally deficient in prekallikrein. Addition of purified 125I-labeled prekallikrein and high-molecular-weight kininogen to the respective deficient plasma yielded a shift in the molecular weight of prekallikrein, and complex formation could be demonstrated by incubating prekallikrein with high-molecular weight kininogen. This study demonstrates that prekallikrein and high-molecular-weight kininogen are physically associated in plasma as a noncovalently linked complex and may therefore be adsorbed together during surface activation of Hageman factor. The complex is disrupted when these proteins are isolated by ion exchange chromatography.

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