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Br J Anaesth. 1999 Nov;83(5):715-20.

Effect of omitting regular ACE inhibitor medication before cardiac surgery on haemodynamic variables and vasoactive drug requirements.

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1
Nuffield Department of Anaesthetics, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, UK.

Abstract

Adverse events during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery have been described in patients receiving angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, including hypotension on induction of anaesthesia and an increase in vasoconstrictor requirements after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Omitting regular ACE inhibitor medication before surgery may improve cardiovascular stability during anaesthesia. We evaluated prospectively the effect of omitting regular ACE inhibitor medication before CABG surgery on haemodynamic variables and use of vasoactive drugs. We studied 40 patients with good left ventricular function, allocated randomly to omit or continue ACE inhibitor medication before surgery. Arterial pressure, cardiac output, systemic vascular resistance and use of vasoactive drugs were recorded during anaesthesia and in the early postoperative period. Patients who omitted their ACE inhibitors had greater mean arterial pressure during the study and required less vasopressors during CPB. However, these patients required more vasodilators to control hypertension after CPB and in the early postoperative period. There was no difference in hypotension on induction of anaesthesia or in the use of vasoconstrictors after CPB. We conclude that omitting ACE inhibitors before surgery did not have sufficient advantage to be recommended routinely.

PMID:
10690132
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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