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Hum Immunol. 2000 Mar;61(3):296-302.

HLA-DR and -DQ associations with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in a population of Turkey.

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Istanbul University, Istanbul Medical Faculty Physiology Department Istanbul, Turkey.


Genetic susceptibility to insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) has been shown to be associated with MHC in many studies. To extend this data with a population with relatively low IDDM incidence, MHC DRB, DQA, and DQB have been investigated by polymerase chain reaction and sequence specific oligonucleotide probe hybridization (PCR/SSO) in 178 IDDM patients from Turkey and compared to 248 healthy controls. Significant differences are detected between IDDM and control groups in the frequencies of DRB1*0402 DQA1*03 DQB1*0302 (28.1% vs. 5.2%, p < 0.0001, OR: 7.1) and DRB1*0301 DQA1*0501 DQB1*02 (57% vs. 18.1%, p < 0.0001, OR: 6.1). Among the negative associations, the most strong ones are with DRB1*1401 DQA1*0101 DQB1*0503 (0.6% vs. 8.9%, p < 0.0001, OR: 0.1), DRB1*1502 DQA1*0103 DQB1*0601 (1.1% vs. 7.7%, p = 0.0023, OR: 0.1), DRB1*1301 DQA1*0103 DQB1*0603 (0.6% vs. 6.9%, p = 0.0039, OR: 0.2) and DRB1*1101 DQA1*0501 DQB1*0301 (3.9% vs. 12.1%, p < 0.0001, OR: 0.2). When the DRB, DQA or DQB genotypes of the susceptible alleles are compared, the most strong susceptibility marker of the disease is found to be DRB1*0301/*04 (31.4% vs. 2.8%, p < 0.0001, OR: 15.8) and among these, heterozygote genotype DRB1*0301/*0401 (4.5% vs. 0, p = 0.0008, OR: 24.8). These results confirm the positive associations with IDDM previously observed in other Caucasian populations and reveal many negative and strong associations which maybe underlining several characteristics that distinguish Turkish diabetics form other Caucasians.

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