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Eur J Pharmacol. 2000 Feb 18;389(2-3):125-30.

Activation of multiple mitogen-activated protein kinases by recombinant calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor.

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Department of Physiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.


Calcitonin gene-related peptide is a 37-amino-acid neuropeptide and a potent vasodilator. Although calcitonin gene-related peptide has been shown to have a number of effects in a variety of systems, the mechanisms of action and the intracellular signaling pathways, especially the regulation of mitogen-activated protien kinase (MAPK) pathway, is not known. In the present study we investigated the role of calcitonin gene-related peptide in the regulation of MAPKs in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells stably transfected with a recombinant porcine calcitonin gene-related peptide-1 receptor. Calcitonin gene-related peptide caused a significant dose-dependent increase in cAMP response and the effect was inhibited by calcitonin gene-related peptide(8-37), the calcitonin gene-related peptide-receptor antagonist. Calcitonin gene-related peptide also caused a time- and concentration-dependent increase in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and P38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (P38 MAPK) activities, with apparently no significant change in cjun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) activity. Forskolin, a direct activator of adenylyl cyclase also stimulated ERK and P38 activities in these cells suggesting the invovement of cAMP in this process. Calcitonin gene-related peptide-stimulated ERK and P38 MAPK activities were inhibited significantly by calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor antagonist, calcitonin gene-related peptide-(8-37) suggesting the involvement of calcitonin gene-related peptide-1 receptor. Preincubation of the cells with the cAMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitor, H89 [¿N-[2-((p-bromocinnamyl)amino)ethyl]-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide, hydrochloride¿] inhibited calcitonin gene-related peptide-mediated activation of ERK and p38 kinases. On the other hand, preincubation of the cells with wortmannin ¿[1S-(1alpha,6balpha,9abeta,11alpha, 11bbeta)]-11-(acetyloxy)-1,6b,7,8,9a,10,11, 11b-octahydro-1-(methoxymethyl)-9a,11b-dimethyl-3H-furo[4,3, 2-de]indeno[4,5-h]-2-benzopyran-3,6,9-trione¿, a PI3-kinase inhibitor, attenuated only calcitonin gene-related peptide-induced ERK and not P38 MAPK activation. Thus, these data suggest that activation of ERK by calcitonin gene-related peptide involves a H89-sensitive protein kinase A and a wortmannin-sensitive PI3-kinase while activation of p38 MAPK by calcitonin gene-related peptide involves only the H89 sensitive pathway and is independent of PI3 kinase. This also suggests that although both ERK and P38 can be activated by protein kinase A, the distal signaling components to protein kinase A in the activation of these two kinases (ERK and P38) are different.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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