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Mech Ageing Dev. 2000 Jan 10;112(3):217-31.

Mechanical stress enhances expression and production of plasminogen activator in aging human periodontal ligament cells.

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Department of Biochemistry, Nihon University School of Dentistry at Matsudo, Chiba, Japan.


Plasminogen activator (PA) converts plasminogen to plasmin, and plasmin activates the kinin cascade and latent extracellular matrix metalloproteases. The periodontal ligament serves to anchor the tooth to the alveolus and functions as a cushion between these hard tissues to migrate occlusal force during mastication. We reported previously that repeated mechanical tension force (MTF) as an experimental model of a traumatic occlusion, increased PA activity in human periodontal ligament derived fibroblast (hPLF) cells. In this study, the influence of in vitro cellular aging on MTF-stimulated PA activity in hPLF cells was studied. Aged hPLF cells produced a significantly higher PA activity when compared with those of young hPLF cells in response to MTF in a time- and magnitude-dependent manner. tPA mRNA levels in aged cells were higher than those in young cells, whereas PAI-1 mRNA remained unchanged and uPA mRNA was not detected. Because MTF-stimulated PA activity from hPLF cells was increased by in vitro cellular aging, aging of the periodontal ligament may affect the severity of the inflammation and the degradation of the extracellular matrix of periodontal ligament tissue by producing a large amount of PA in response to excessive force such as a traumatic occlusion.

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