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Neurosci Lett. 2000 Mar 3;281(1):61-4.

Systemic lipopolysaccharide and interleukin-1beta activate the interleukin 6: STAT intracellular signaling pathway in neurons of mouse trigeminal ganglion.

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Neural Plasticity Research Group, Massachusetts General Hospital East, Building 149, 13th Street, CNY 4, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA.


We have studied the activation of signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) in trigeminal ganglion after intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). Using electrophoretic mobility shift assays we have shown that STAT1 and STAT3 are activated within 1 to 2 h. of injection of either LPS or IL-1beta. Eight hours after LPS injection the DNA binding activity of these complexes is still elevated while induction by IL-1beta returns to baseline levels within 4 h. By immunohistochemistry, using an antibody specific for the tyrosine phosphorylated, activated form of STAT-1, we show that this induction occurs in sensory neurons. IL-6 may be important in this cascade since induction of STATs by IL-1beta is blocked in Interleukin-6 knock out mice.

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