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Phytother Res. 2000 Mar;14(2):133-5.

Toxicological studies on stem bark, leaf and seed kernel of yellow oleander (Thevetia peruviana).

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Plant Protection Unit, School of Agriculture, Abia State University, PMB 2000, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria.


A comparative study of the toxic effects of extracts from stem bark, leaf and seed kernel of yellow oleander (Thevetia peruviana) in albino rats was carried out. Male and female albino rats weighing 150-200 g were administered crude aqueous extracts of stem bark, leaf and seed kernel of the plant by intraperitoneal injection or exposed to baits prepared with the dry extracts of the plant parts. The control groups either received distilled water by injection, or were fed non-poisoned baits. Extracts from all the plant parts were toxic, and produced marked poisoning symptoms that culminated in death. Poisoning symptoms manifested earlier (10 min after treatment) in rats administered aqueous kernel extracts intraperitoneally as against 45 min to several hours in rats poisoned by ingestion of toxicant. Poisoning symptoms indicated serious cardiac, neuromotor and mental malfunctioning, and manifested as tachycardia, arrhythmia, paralysis, ataxia and disorientation. The lethal dose was lowest (507 mg/kg) with the concentrated aqueous kernel extract (CAKE), and highest (5700 mg/kg) with the bait formulated using 40% of the kernel meal - FKM(B). Rats treated by injection with aqueous kernel extract (AKE) died faster within 10 h, than those with the aqueous leaf or stem bark extracts that died after 260 h. No mortality or abnormal behavioural changes were observed among animals in the control groups.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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