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Int J Sports Med. 2000 Jan;21(1):31-6.

The slow component of O2 uptake kinetics during high-intensity exercise in trained and untrained prepubertal children.

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Laboratory of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Orléans, France.


The aim of the present study was to investigate the O2 uptake slow component in prepubertal children of different aerobic capacity during high intensity exercise. Twenty-three (12 well-trained, T and 11 untrained, U subjects) 10-13 year old prepubertal children took part in 3 tests: one incremental test to determine the maximal aerobic power (PMA) and anaerobic threshold (LAT); two constant-power tests performed at intensities corresponding to 80%LAT and 90%PMA. Oxygen uptake (VO2), heart rate, ventilation (VE) and lactate ([L]s) were evaluated during each test. A monoexponential + linear term model (starting after phase 1) was used to assess VO2 kinetics during both constant-power tests. Our results showed that a slow component, represented by the linear coefficient (S) of the mathematical model, was present during the 90%PMA test only (S = 0.86 +/- 0.48 ml x min(-2) x kg(-1) for the whole population). No relationships were found between either S and VE or [L]s, showing that, at least in prepubertal children, these factors play a minor role in the explanation for the VO2 slow component. The slow component contributed approximately to the same amount of the total VO2 response in both groups (T: 21.4 +/- 8.0, U: 19.3 +/- 3.9%, ns). In conclusion, as previously described in adults, our data demonstrated the existence of a slow component in prepubertal children during high-intensity exercise. Moreover, this slow component was similar in trained and untrained children, exercising at the same relative intensity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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