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[Analysis on the epidemic characterization and trend of AIDS in Fujian Province].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Fujian Provincial Epidemic and Prevention Station, Fuzhou.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To analysed the epidemic characterization and trend of AIDS in Fujian Province based on data obtained from HIV sero-survallance, HIV-1 subtyping and epidemiological survey.

METHODS:

Serum samples collected from people in high risk groups and specific subgroups were examined for antibody against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Epidemiological investigation was conducted toward people who were sero-positive. Clinical data on patients with AIDS were also collected. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from HIV-1 infectious and patients with AIDS were used for DNA amplification between C2-V3 region by PCR. The amplified products were sequenced to identify HIV-1 subtypes.

RESULTS:

From January 1987 through the end of December 1997, a total number of 569,873 serum samples from high risk groups and specific subgroups including blood donors and people that travelling abroad frequently were examined for HIV antibody Seventy people with HIV-1 sero-positive were identified, accounting for 0.12/1000 of the total detected numbers. Among them, 21 patients with AIDS in which 18 cases had died. HIV/AIDS cases were mainly distributed along the coastal cities as Fuzhou, Quanzhou and Xiamen where economic development was growing rapidly. Most cases were infected abroad and spreading HIV to the country through sexual transmission. Clinical data showed that early syndromes and reversal fever of patients with AIDS were seen but survival time was short. Nucleotide sequencing showed that HIV-1 strains in the province were most subtype E.

CONCLUSION:

HIV epidemic in the province will mainly be spreading among people with sexually promiscuous behaviors.

PMID:
10682509
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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