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J Cardiopulm Rehabil. 2000 Jan-Feb;20(1):50-6.

A home-based maintenance exercise program after center-based cardiac rehabilitation: effects on blood lipids, body composition, and functional capacity.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA. brubaker@wfu.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Previous research indicates that patients exiting a 12-week cardiac rehabilitation program (CRP) have difficulty maintaining an adequate exercise program. Thus, the authors' purpose was to determine if a home-based exercise program would enable patients to maintain/improve their blood lipids, body composition, and functional capacity after exiting the CRP.

METHODS:

Thirty-one patients exiting an initial 12-week CRP were assigned randomly to the home-based (HB) intervention or the standard care (SC) condition. After one home visit, the HB participants (n = 16) were contacted by telephone every other week by CRP staff and completed and returned weekly exercise logs. The SC participants (n = 15) had no contact with the CRP other than to schedule follow-up tests. A third group (n = 17), randomly selected from patients that elected to remain in the center-based CRP (CB) for the same duration, also were examined. All groups underwent exercise testing, fasting blood lipid analysis, and body composition assessment before starting CRP (0M), after 3 months (3M) in a standard CRP, and after 9 months (12M) in either HB, SC, or CB condition (12 months after starting CRP).

RESULTS:

Analysis of variance indicated that there were significant increases in metabolic equivalents and high-density lipoprotein, in all three groups, over time. However, analysis of covariance revealed no significant differences between the HB, SC, and CB groups at 12M for any variable.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data indicate that the HB program was as effective as the CB program at improving/maintaining functional capacity, blood lipids, and body weight/composition. The similar success of the SC group is likely due to their prior experience in CRP and knowledge of follow-up testing. Home-based maintenance program could be offered as a low-cost alternative to CB programs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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