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Curr Opin Immunol. 2000 Feb;12(1):64-76.

Reactive oxygen and reactive nitrogen intermediates in innate and specific immunity.

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Institute of Clinical Microbiology, Immunology and Hygiene, University of Erlangen, Erlangen, D-91054, Germany.


Nitric oxide, nitric oxide derivatives and reactive oxygen intermediates are toxic molecules of the immune system which contribute to the control of microbial pathogens and tumors. There is recent evidence for additional functions of these oxygen metabolites in innate and adaptive immunity; these functions include the modulation of the cytokine response of lymphocytes and the regulation of immune cell apoptosis, as well as immunodeviating effects. Components of several signal transduction pathways have been identified as intracellular targets for reactive nitrogen and oxygen intermediates.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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