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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Feb 24;268(3):932-7.

Cloning and characterization of a gene, mpsA, encoding a protein associated with intracellular magnetic particles from Magnetospirillum sp. strain AMB-1.

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Department of Biotechnology, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Koganei, Tokyo, 184-8588, Japan.


Proteins located within the lipid bilayer, surrounding the intracellular bacterial magnetic particles (BMP) from Magnetospirillum sp. AMB-1, were separated using SDS-PAGE. Several major proteins of approximate molecular weight 66.2, 35.6, and 24.8 kDa were identified. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of one of these proteins, designated MpsA, was determined and used to design a pair of PCR primers which amplified a 105 bp DNA fragment from AMB-1 genomic DNA. Gene-walking, using anchored PCR, was used to determine the complete nucleotide sequence (954 bp) of the mpsA gene. The mpsA encodes a 317 amino acid protein which does not have an N-terminal cytoplasmic transport signal sequence. Intracellular localization studies were carried out using an mpsA-luc gene fusion expressed in AMB-1 following gene transfer by conjugation. The gene fusion was constructed by cloning a 1.6 kb mpsA fragment upstream of luc in the conjugal plasmid pKLC. The MpsA-Luc fusion protein was preferentially located on the magnetic particle membrane. Although the function of MpsA remains unknown, homology searches suggest similarity with the alpha subunit of acetyl-CoA carboxylase and the CoA-binding motif.

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