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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Feb 16;268(2):607-11.

Transforming growth factors beta(1) (TGF-beta(1)) and TGF-beta(2) promote glioma cell migration via Up-regulation of alpha(V)beta(3) integrin expression.

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Department of Neurology, University of Tübingen Medical School, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, Tübingen, 72076, Germany.


The migratory behaviour of malignant gliomas relies on the interaction of integrins with extracellular matrix (ECM) components. Transforming growth factor-beta(1) (TGF-beta(1)) potently stimulates glioma cell motility whereas TGF-beta(2) is known for its immunosuppressive properties. Here, we show that both TGF-beta(1) and TGF-beta(2) promote migration of glioma cells. In parallel, TGF-beta(1) and TGF-beta(2) induce alpha(V) and beta(3) intergrin mRNA expression and enhance cell surface expression of alpha(V)beta(3) integrin. TGF-beta-mediated promotion of migration is abrogated by echistatin, a Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) peptide antagonist of alpha(V)beta(3) integrin, and by a neutralizing anti-alpha(V)beta(3) integrin antibody. Taken together, we report a novel mechanism by which TGF-beta modulates cell ECM interactions and promotes glioma cell motility.

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