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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Feb 16;268(2):450-5.

Multipotency of a bone marrow stromal cell line, TBR31-2, established from ts-SV40 T antigen gene transgenic mice.

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Department of Physiological Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Teikyo University, Sagamiko, Kanagawa, 199-0195, Japan.


Bone marrow is believed to contain multipotential stromal stem cells which can differentiate into osteoblasts, chondrocytes, adipocytes, and myoblasts (Prockop, D. J. Science 276, 71-74, 1997). Therefore, characterization and identification of the stem-like cell within the stromal cells are important to understand bone marrow function in relation to the hematopoietic microenvironment, and repair/regeneration of tissue defects. TBR31-2 cell, a bone marrow stromal cell line established from bone marrow of transgenic mice harboring temperature-sensitive (ts) simian virus (SV) 40T-antigen gene for immortality, is induced toward both adipocytic and osteogenic cells under conditions of the inactivation of T-antigen (Okuyama, R., Yanai, N., Obinata, M. Exp. Cell Res. 218, 424-429, 1995). In this work, using a semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis, mRNA expressions of tissue-specific differentiation markers for adipocyte (lipoprotein lipase), osteoblast (type I collagen and osteocalcin), chondrocyte (type II and X collagen), and muscle cell (desmin) were examined during a long-term culture of the cell. In addition, histochemical studies showed the appearance of adipocytic, osteoblastic, chondrocytic, and muscle cells during this long-term culture. Thus, TBR31-2, which has characteristics of an undifferentiated cell, has the potential to express the multipotential cell lineages. These results indicated that a multipotential progenitor cell including potential to differentiate into a muscle cell and which is situated in the mesenchymal cell lineage was first obtained.

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