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Mol Biol Cell. 2000 Feb;11(2):481-95.

Role for dynamin in late endosome dynamics and trafficking of the cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor.

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Structural Cell Biology Unit, Department of Medical Anatomy, The Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen, DK-2200 Copenhagen, Denmark.


It is well established that dynamin is involved in clathrin-dependent endocytosis, but relatively little is known about possible intracellular functions of this GTPase. Using confocal imaging, we found that endogenous dynamin was associated with the plasma membrane, the trans-Golgi network, and a perinuclear cluster of cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor (CI-MPR)-containing structures. By electron microscopy (EM), it was shown that these structures were late endosomes and that the endogenous dynamin was preferentially localized to tubulo-vesicular appendices on these late endosomes. Upon induction of the dominant-negative dynK44A mutant, confocal microscopy demonstrated a redistribution of the CI-MPR in mutant-expressing cells. Quantitative EM analysis of the ratio of CI-MPR to lysosome-associated membrane protein-1 in endosome profiles revealed a higher colocalization of the two markers in dynK44A-expressing cells than in control cells. Western blot analysis showed that dynK44A-expressing cells had an increased cellular procathepsin D content. Finally, EM revealed that in dynK44A-expressing cells, endosomal tubules containing CI-MPR were formed. These results are in contrast to recent reports that dynamin-2 is exclusively associated with endocytic structures at the plasma membrane. They suggest instead that endogenous dynamin also plays an important role in the molecular machinery behind the recycling of the CI-MPR from endosomes to the trans-Golgi network, and we propose that dynamin is required for the final scission of vesicles budding from endosome tubules.

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