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Cancer Gene Ther. 2000 Jan;7(1):83-90.

Effectiveness of cancer vaccine therapy using cells transduced with the interleukin-12 gene combined with systemic interleukin-18 administration.

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1
Department of Urology, Kobe University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

We introduced the interleukin-12 (IL-12) gene into mouse renal cell carcinoma (RenCa) cells to develop a tumor vaccine and to examine mechanisms of tumor rejection. IL-12-secreting RenCa (RenCa/IL-12) cells were completely rejected when implanted into syngeneic BALB/c but not athymic nude mice, suggesting that T cells were involved in this antitumor effect. Depletion of natural killer (NK) cells in nude mice did not affect the tumor growth of RenCa/IL-12. The simultaneous injection of mitomycin C-treated RenCa/IL-12 inhibited the tumor growth of parental RenCa injected at a distant site, whereas injection of mitomycin C-treated parental RenCa did not. The antitumor effect of RenCa/IL-12 as a cancer vaccine was induced by CD8+ T cells and NK cells and was inhibited by CD4+ T cells. Although the systemic administration of recombinant IL-18 (rIL-18) alone did not inhibit the tumor growth, it did enhance the cancer vaccine effect of RenCa/IL-12. The combination therapy of RenCa/IL-12 and the systemic administration of rIL-18 retarded even the growth of established tumors. The effector cells of this combination therapy consist not only of CD8+ T cells and NK cells but also of CD4+ T cells. This synergistic cancer vaccine effect of in situ secretion of IL-12 and the systemic administration of rIL-18 may be attributed to a functional change of CD4+ T cells.

PMID:
10678360
DOI:
10.1038/sj.cgt.7700083
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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