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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Feb 15;97(4):1808-12.

Facilitated diffusion of fructose via the phosphoenolpyruvate/glucose phosphotransferase system of Escherichia coli.

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Department of Biology, Boston University, 5 Cummington Street, Boston, MA 02215, USA.


From mutants of Escherichia coli unable to utilize fructose via the phosphoenolpyruvate/glycose phosphotransferase system (PTS), further mutants were selected that grow on fructose as the sole carbon source, albeit with relatively low affinity for that hexose (K(m) for growth approximately 8 mM but with V(max) for generation time approximately 1 h 10 min); the fructose thus taken into the cells is phosphorylated to fructose 6-phosphate by ATP and a cytosolic fructo(manno)kinase (Mak). The gene effecting the translocation of fructose was identified by Hfr-mediated conjugations and by phage-mediated transduction as specifying an isoform of the membrane-spanning enzyme II(Glc) of the PTS, which we designate ptsG-F. Exconjugants that had acquired ptsG(+) from Hfr strains used for mapping (designated ptsG-I) grew very poorly on fructose (V(max) approximately 7 h 20 min), even though they were rich in Mak activity. A mutant of E. coli also rich in Mak but unable to grow on glucose by virtue of transposon-mediated inactivations both of ptsG and of the genes specifying enzyme II(Man) (manXYZ) was restored to growth on glucose by plasmids containing either ptsG-F or ptsG-I, but only the former restored growth on fructose. Sequence analysis showed that the difference between these two forms of ptsG, which was reflected also by differences in the rates at which they translocated mannose and glucose analogs such as methyl alpha-glucoside and 2-deoxyglucose, resided in a substitution of G in ptsG-I by T in ptsG-F in the first position of codon 12, with consequent replacement of valine by phenylalanine in the deduced amino acid sequence.

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