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Cell. 2000 Feb 4;100(3):333-43.

Role of Sec61alpha in the regulated transfer of the ribosome-nascent chain complex from the signal recognition particle to the translocation channel.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester 01655-0103, USA.


Targeting of ribosome-nascent chain complexes to the translocon in the endoplasmic reticulum is mediated by the concerted action of the signal recognition particle (SRP) and the SRP receptor (SR). Ribosome-stripped microsomes were digested with proteases to sever cytoplasmic domains of SRalpha, SRbeta, TRAM, and the Sec61 complex. We characterized protein translocation intermediates that accumulate when Sec61alpha or SRbeta is inactivated by proteolysis. In the absence of a functional Sec61 complex, dissociation of SRP54 from the signal sequence is blocked. Experiments using SR proteoliposomes confirmed the assembly of a membrane-bound posttargeting intermediate. These results strongly suggest that the Sec61 complex regulates the GTP hydrolysis cycle of the SRP-SR complex at the stage of signal sequence dissociation from SRP54.

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